The DS18B20 digital thermometer provides 9-bit to 12-bit Celsius temperature measurements and has an alarm function with nonvolatile user-programmable upper and lower trigger points. The DS18B20 communicates over a 1-Wire bus that by definition requires only one data line (and ground) for communication with a central microprocessor. It has an operating temperature range of -55°C to +125°C and is accurate to ±0.5°C over the range of -10°C to +85°C. In addition, the DS18B20 can derive power directly from the data line (“parasite power”), eliminating the need for an external power supply.
Each DS18B20 has a unique 64-bit serial code, which allows multiple DS18B20s to function on the same 1-Wire bus. Thus, it is simple to use one microprocessor to control many DS18B20s distributed over a large area.
Unique 1-Wire® interface requires only one port pin for communication
Each device has a unique 64-bit serial code stored in an onboard ROM
Multidrop capability simplifies distributed temperature sensing applications
Requires no external components
Can be powered from data line. Power supply range is 3.0V to 5.5V
Measures temperatures from –55°C to +125°C (–67°F to +257°F)
±0.5°C accuracy from –10°C to +85°C
Thermometer resolution is user-selectable from 9 to 12 bits
Converts temperature to 12-bit digital word in 750ms (max.)
User-definable nonvolatile (NV) alarm settings
Alarm search command identifies and addresses devices whose temperature is outside of programmed limits (temperature alarm condition)
Applications include thermostatic controls, industrial systems, consumer products, thermometers, or any thermally sensitive system